Amino acid composition of duck muscle tissue on using dietary supplements Activio

Keywords: Activio, amino acids, meat and meat quality, Peking duck, cross-cherry valley


The optimal amount of protein is necessary for intensive growth. Protein malnutrition is one of the leading causes of poor growth and increased care of birds. However, excessive feeding of poultry with protein is impractical because the protein, in this case, is not fully used and harms the body, delaying its development. The lack and the excess of amino acids are harmful to a bird. Due to the imbalance of amino acids consumed with food, about 30 % of their amount is not used by the body for protein synthesis and is lost converted into energy. When normalizing the amino acid needs of poultry, it is necessary to consider the interaction of amino acids in the body with vitamins, micro-minerals, energy levels in feed. The article presents a study of the effect of the biologically active additive Activio, a selected combination of natural standardized active substances isolated from aromatic herbs and spices concentrated in one microencapsulated particle on the amino acid composition of Peking duck meat and cherry valley cross. It was found that the use of Activio supplement in the ducks feeding has a positive effect on the digestibility of amino acids.


Abd-Elsamee, M. O., Ibrahim, M. R., Hassan, M. M., & Ashmawy, E. S. (2019). Leaves of Moringa, Rosemary, and Olive as a Phytogenic Feed Additives in Muscovy Duck diets. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(1), 1–7. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2019.1.7.
Abouelezz, K., Abou-Hadied, M., Yuan, J. et al. (2019). Nutritional impacts of dietary oregano and Enviva es-sential oils on the performance, gut microbiota and blood biochemicals of growing ducks. Animal, 13(10), 2216–2222. DOI: 10.1017/S1751731119000508.
Arhipov, A. B., & Toporova, L. V. (1984). Proteinovoe i aminokislotnoe pitanie pticy. M.: Kolos (in Russian).
Barnard, L. (2015). Pozytyvna diia kombinatsii fermentiv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 3(39), 64–66 (in Ukrainian).
Borysenko, V. H., & Yastrebov, K. Yu. (2006). Optymalne vykorystannia aminokyslot u ptakhivnytstvi ta faktory yoho pokrashchennia v umovakh Ukrainy. Ptakhivny-tstvo, 58, 207–209 (in Ukrainian).
D’Mello, J. (2003). Amino acids in animal nutrition. Former-ly of Scottish Agricultural College. Edinburgh.
Geysun, А. А., & Stepchenko, L. М. (2018). The protein metabolism in pheasants when sing vermiculture in combined feed biomass. Theoretical and Applied Veter-inary medicine, 6(3), 7‒11.
Lemesheva, M. M. (2003). Aminokyslotne zhyvlennia pty-tsi. Suchasne ptakhivnytstvo, 12, 10–29 (in Ukrainian).
Manso, S., Nerin, C., & Go´mez-Lus, R. (2011). Antifungal activity of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), oregano (Origanum vulgare) and lau-ramide argine ethyl ester. Ital J Food Sci., 23(5), 151–156. URL:
Marshall, H. J. (1993). Animal feeding and nutrition. Keadall Hunt Publishing Company.
Mikhieiev, A. O. (2014). Roslynni olii yak protyvirusni zasoby. Medychnyi forum naukovyi zhurnal, 3(3), 144–147 (in Ukrainian).
Pan, X., Wei, Z., Wang, H., Yu, L., & Liang, X. (2013). Ef-fects of dietary tryptophan on protein metabolism and related gene expression in Yangzhou goslings under dif-ferent feeding regiments. Poultry Sci., 92(12), 3196–3204. DOI: 10.3382/ps.2012-02953.
Sychov, M. (2014). Aminokysloty i nesuchist. Nashe pta-khivnytstvo, 6(36), 62–64 (in Ukrainian).
Tesseraud, S., Everaert, N., Boussaid-Om Ezzine, S., Collin, A., Metayer-Coustard, S., & Berri, С. (2011). Manipulating tissue metabolism by amino acids. World's Poultry Science Journal, 67(2), 382–385. DOI: 10.1017/S0043933911000274.
Tirziu, E., Nichita, I., Cumpanasoiu, C., Mot, D., Gros, R. V., Seres, M., & Muntea, M. S. (2011). Anatomopathologi-cal changes induced by mycotoxins. Animal Science and Biothechnol., 44(2), 183–187. URL: index.php/spasb/article/view/637.
Upadhyay, R. K. (2010). Essential oils: anti-microbial, anti-helminthic, antiviral, anticancer and antiinsect proper-ties. Journal of Applied Bioscience, 36(1), 1–22.
Wang, B., Min, Z., Yuan, J., Zhang, B., & Guo, Y. (2014). Effects of dietary tryptophan and stocking density on the performance, meat quality and metabolic status of broilers. J. Anim. Sci. Biotec., 5(1), 44–51. DOI: 10.1186%2F2049-1891-5-44.
Wu, Q., Huang, L., Liu, Z., et al. (2011). A comparison of hepatic in vitro metabolism of T-2 toxin in rats, pigs, chickens, and carp. Xenobiot., 41(10), 863–873. DOI: 10.3109/00498254.2011.593206.
Wоrmser, E. H., & Pardee, А. В. (1958). Regulation of thre-onine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. Arch. Biochim. Biophys., 78(2), 416–432. DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(58)90367-9.
Yastrebkov, K., Dorn, V., & Kryveniuk, M. (2001). Ten-dentsii aminokyslotnoho zhyvlennia v ptakhivnytstvi. Ptakhivnytstvo, 51, 388–390 (in Ukrainian).
Yulianti D. L. The Effect of Using Natural Feed Additive on Egg Production and Quality of Mojosari Duck (Anas plathyrhynchos). IOP Conference Series: Earth and En-vironmental Science, 478, 012023. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/478/1/012023.
How to Cite
Kyryliv, Y. I., & Leshchyshyn, I. S. (2021). Amino acid composition of duck muscle tissue on using dietary supplements Activio. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 4(3), 54-57.