Gross Anatomical Features of Tongue of Khaki Campbell Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) At Different Postnatal Ages

Keywords: Gross anatomy, tongue, postnatal ages, Khaki Campbell duck

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the gross morphological structure of the tongue of the khaki Campbell duck at different postnatal ages. The ducks were from four age groups (A total of 25 ducks): day one (1), one (1) month, two (2) months, three (3) months, and four (4) months, having five ducks in each group. The tongues were collected immediately after the ethical killing of the birds for gross anatomical observations. The tongue of the Khaki Campbell duck was located on the floor of the oropharynx. In all examined ages, the tongue did not extend to the total limits of the lower beak. The elongated shaped tongue was divided into three parts, i.e., apex, body, and root. The spatula-shaped apex of the tongue was smooth dorsally and devoid of lingual papillae. On the ventral surface of the apex, there was a flat, triangular, white plate of the lingual nail. The dorsal surface of the body of the tongue was divided into two symmetrical parts by a median groove, which became more prominent at the advancement of age. Large and small conical papillae were found symmetrically along both body edges. The root of the tongue was the smallest part which was located adjacent to the laryngeal prominence. Papillae were found on both sides of the root. A fold of membrane, the frenulum linguae present on the ventral aspect of the body. The length and width of the tongue increased with the advancement of age. The present study revealed the gross anatomical structure of the tongue of the Khaki Campbell duck at different postnatal ages and helped to compare the findings with other avian species.

References

Abd El-Fatah, M., Mohamed, S. A., & Youssef, G. A. E. (2000). Some morphological studies on the tongue of the turkey. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal, 42(84), 77–92. https://dx.doi.org/10.21608/avmj.2000.180453

Abdalla, K. E. H. (1994). A comparative anatomical study of the tongue in chicken, pigeon and duck. Egyptian Journal of Anat-omy, 17(4), 221–237.

Abdalla, K. E. H., Saleh, A. M., Abdel, Galil, Y., Mohamed, S. A., & Alsayed, A. A. (2011). Post hatching development of the duck tongue: Gross, morphometric and scanning electron micro-scopical study. Egyptian Journal of Anatomy, 32(1), 401–414.

Abd-Elmohdy, F., & Ghattas, S. M. (1995). A comparative study on the Histological Structure of the Tongue of Fowl and Ducks. The 19th scientific conference of Egyptian Society of histology and cytology, Faculty of dental and oral medicine, Cairo Uni-versity, Cairo, Egypt.

Akbari, G., Hassanzadeh, B., Madadi, M. S., & Babaei, M. (2018). Morphological reflections of evolutionary adaptations in the tongue of the white-headed duck. Anatomical Scince Interna-tional, 93, 469–477. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-018-0438-x

Al-Jumaily, I. S., Mnati, E. M., Mutlak B. H., & Dauod, H. A. M. (2013). Morphological and Histological Study of The Tongue in Rock Pigeon Columba livia gaddi Gemlin, 1789. Journal of Madenat Alelem College, 5(2), 94–104.

Al-Nefeiy, F. A. (2015). Functional morphology of the tongue and lingual epithelium of the laughing dove in relation to feeding habit. International journal of research studies in biosciences, 3, 14–19.

Bello, A., Onu, J. E., Jimoh, M. I., & Olushola, O. (2015). Mor-phometric observations of the tongue of the domestic duck (An-as Platyrhynchos Domestica). Research Journal of Phytomedi-cine, 1(1), 30–32.

Bansal, S., Kumar, S., Mamta, & Kumar, P. (2017). Age-Related Gross Anatomical Features of Tongue and Cranial Larynx in Broiler Chicks. Veterinary Research International, 5(2), 50–54.

Calabro, C., Albanese, M. P., Bertuccio, & Restuccia, L. (2009). Glycosaminoglycans in the tongue of birds. Physical Mathemat-ics in Nature Science, 87(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1478/C1A0901004

Crole, M. R., & Soley, J. T. (2008). Histological structure of the tongue of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Proceedings of the Microscopy Society of Southern Africa, 38, 63.

Crole, M. R., & Soley, J. T. (2010). Surface morphology of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) tongue. Anatomia Histologia Em-bryologia, 39, 355–365. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0264.2010.01002.x

Darwish, S. T. (2012). Comparative histological and ultrastructural study of tongue in Ptydactylus guttatus and Stenodactylus petrii (Lacertilia, Gekkonidae). Journal of American Sciences, 8, 603–612.

Dehkordi, R. A. F., Parchami, A., & Bahadoran, S. (2010). Light and scanning electron microscopic study of the tongue in the zebra finch (Carduelis carduelis). Slovenian Veterinary Re-search, 47(4), 139–144.

El Bakary, N. E. R., Abu-Almaaty, A. H., Sarah, H., Ahmed, S. H., & Hassan, M. K. (2016). Morphology of anas crecca (Common Teal) tongue. International Journal of Advanced Research, 4(8), 1782–1790. http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/1392

Emura, S. T., Okumura, T., & Chen, H. (2009). Scanning electron microscopic study of the tongue in the Japanese pygmy wood-pecker (Dendrocopos Kizuki). Okajimas Folia Anatomica Ja-ponica, 86(1), 31–35. https://doi.org/10.2535/ofaj.86.31

Erdogan, S., & Alan, A. (2012). Gross anatomical and scanning electron microscopic studies of the oropharyngeal cavity in the European magpie (Pica Pica) and the common raven (Corvus Corax). Microscopy Research and Technique, 75(3), 379–389. https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.21067

Erdogan, S., Sagaoz, H., & Akbalik, M. E. (2012). Anatomical and histological structure of the tongue and histochemical character-istics of the lingual salivary glands in the Chukar partridge (Alec-toris chukar). British Poultry Science, 53(3), 307–315. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2012.700507

Hollwarth, A. J., Reese, D. J., & Dutton, T. A. G. (2021). Osseous Migration of a Perforating Gastrointestinal Foreign Body in an Indian Runner Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus). Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 35(3), 361–366. https://doi.org/10.1647/20-00051

Igwebuike, U. M., & Eze, U. U. (2010). Anatomy of the orophar-ynx and tongue of the African pied crow (Corvus albus). Veteri-narski Archive, 80, 523–531.

Igwebuike, U. M., & Anagor, T. A. (2013). Gross and histo-morphological assessment of the oropharynx and tongue of the Guinea fowl (Numidameleagris). Animal Research Internation-al, 10(2), 1739–1746.

Igwebuike, U. M., & Anagor, T. A. (2013). Morphology of the oropharynx and tongue of the Muscovy duck (Cairina moscha-ta). Veterinarski Archive, 83(6), 685–693.

Iwasaki, S., Asami, T., & Chiba, A. (1997). Ultrastructural study of the keratinization of the dorsal epithelium of the tongue of Mid-dendorff’s bean goose, Anser fabalis middendorfii (Ansers, An-tidae). The Anatomical Record, 247, 147–163. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0185(199702)247:2%3c149::AID-AR1%3e3.0.CO;2-T

Iwasaki, S., & Kobayashi, K. (1986). Scanning and transmission electron microscopical studies on the lingual dorsal epithelium of chickens. Acta Anat Nipponica, 61(2), 83–96.

Jackowiak, H., Godynicki, S., & Antosik, P. (2004). The scaning electron microscopy of the development of the tongue in the pheasant (Phasianus colchicus). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia. Series Botanica. Supplement, 46.

Jackowiak, H., & Godynicki, S. (2005). Light and Scanning Elec-tron Microscope Study of the tongue in white-tailed eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla (Accipitridae, Aves). Annals of Anatomy, 187(3), 251–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2004.11.003

Jackowiak, H., Andrzejewski, W., & Godynicki, S. (2006). Light and scanning electron microscopic study of the tongue in the cormorant Phalacrocorax Carbo (Phalacrocoracidae, Aves). Zoo-logical Science, 23, 161–167. https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.23.161

Jackowiak, H., & Ludwing, M. (2008). Light and scanning electron microscopic study of the structure of the Ostrich (Struti-ocamelus). Zoological Science, 25(2), 188–194. https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.25.188

Koch, T. (1973). Anatomy of the Chicken and Domestic birds. The Iowa State University Press, Iowa, 1973.

McLelland, J. (1979). Digestive system. In: Form and function in birds, vol. 1, King A.S., McLelland J. (eds). Academic Press, London, 69–181.

Mohamed, R. (2019). Histomorphological study on the tongue of the duck in the Caribbean with relation to feeding habit. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 6(1), 74–81. http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2019.f315

Mohamed, S. A. (2004). Developmental studies on the floor of the oropharynx of the post-hatching quail. Assiut Veterinary Medi-cal Journal, 50(100), 1–16. https://dx.doi.org/10.21608/avmj.2004.177762

Mohdy, F. A. (1993). Some morphological studies on the tongue of Hawk. New Egyptian Journal of Medicine, 8(2), 571–575.

Nickel, R., Schummer, A., & Seiferle, E. (1977). Anatomy of the domestic birds. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin and Hamburg, Ger-many.

Parchami, A., & Dehkordi, F. R. A. (2011). Lingual structure of the domestic pigeon (Columba Livia Domestica): a light and scan-ning electron microscopic studies. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, 7(1), 81–86.

Sabry, D. A. (2015). Comparative studies on tongue of Egretta ibis and Gallus gallus. Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Science, 5(9), 375–382.

Sarma, K., & Anil, D. A. (2015). Gross anatomical studies on the tongue of pati duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy, 27(1), 65–66.

Skieresz-Szewczyk, K., & Jackowiak, H. (2016). Morphofunctional study of the tongue in the domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos f. Domestica, Anatidae): LM and SEM study. Zoomorphology, 135, 255–268. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00435-016-0302-2

Sridevi, P., Sreeranjini, A. R, Karthikeyan, A., Lucy, K. M, Saranya, K. S, & Ajith, J. G. (2018). Gross morphology of tongue of the mute swan (Cygnus olor). Pharma Innovation Journal, 7(4), 559–560.

Tetel, V., Tonissen, S., & Fraley, G. S. (2022). Sex differences in serum glucocorticoid levels and heterophil:lymphocyte ratios in adult pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 317, 113975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2021.113975

Tivane, C. (2008). A morphological study of the oropharynx and oesophagus of the ostrich (Struthio camelus). M.Sc. dissertation, University of Pretori.

Published
2022-04-27
How to Cite
Khatun, P., & Das, S. K. (2022). Gross Anatomical Features of Tongue of Khaki Campbell Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) At Different Postnatal Ages. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 5(1), 17-23. https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas5-1.03