Pathogenetic aspects of retroviral infections

Keywords: bovine leukemia, equine infectious anemia, pathogenesis, morphology.

Abstract

Bovine leukemia and equine infectious anemia are registered in most regions of Ukraine and in many countries worldwide. This is accompanied by economic losses and reduced quality of livestock products, which determines the relevance of the study of retroviral infections, their diagnosis, and pathogenesis. The goal of our research was to find and improve the methodological foundations of the development of the pathological process for a more in-depth study of the etiology, pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of retroviral infections. The object of the study was blood, lymph nodes, spleen, heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys for bovine leukemia and equine infectious anemia. Hematological, anatomical, histological, histochemical, morphometric, and statistical research methods were used for their study. The research group included 304 cattle aged 4–9 years and 42 horses, of which 25 were infected with the virus, and 17 were in the control group. It has been established that bovine leukemia and infectious anemia of horses is an irreversible pathological process characterized by slow progression, the presence of a latent or persistent form, with damage to cells, organs, and systems of the body, which leads to death. Infectious anemia of horses differs from leukemia of cattle by the hidden course of the pathological process. The pathogenesis of leukemia occurs in six stages, which we have identified and conventionally named.

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Published
2022-04-27
How to Cite
Horalskyi , L. P., Sokulskyi , I. M., Gutyj , B. V., Goralskaya, I. Y., & Kolesnik, N. L. (2022). Pathogenetic aspects of retroviral infections. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 5(1), 58-65. https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas5-1.10

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