Features of seasonal dynamics of sheep Haemonchosis in the territory of Zaporizhzhya region


  • V. Melnychuk Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Pekarska Str., 50, Lviv, 79010, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1927-1065
Keywords: Haemonchus contortus, sheep, invasion intensity, invasion intensity, seasonal dynamics

Abstract

The article presents the results of studies on the indicators of invasiveness of domestic sheep Ovis aries (Linnaeus, 1758), the causative agent of Haemonchus contortus (Rudolphi 1803; Cobb 1898) and its characteristics depending on the season in the climatic and geographical conditions of the Zaporizhzhya region. The research was conducted during 2015–2019 on the basis of laboratories of the departments of parasitology and ichthyopathology of the Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv and Parasitology and Veterinary-Sanitary Examination of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy. Helminths were isolated by the results of complete helminthological sections of the digestive organs of the dead or slaughtered sheep, and the indicators of the extent and intensity of the invasion were established. Specific identification of the identified nematodes was performed taking into account the morphological features of mature males and females. It is proved that H. contortus is a fairly widespread species of nematodes in the population of domestic sheep in the territory of the studied region. The magnitude of the invasion of animals reached 66.36 %, the intensity of the invasion – 25.56 ± 1.51 samples/animal (for fluctuations from 1 to 79 sp./an.). It is noted that the causative agent of Haemonchosis is registered during the year. At the same time, the degree of sheep infection depends on the season of the year and is characterized by certain patterns in the extent and intensity of H. contortus invasion of sheep. The peak of the animals with the nematodes was detected in the autumn-winter period of the year, EI ranged from 73.23 to 78.57 %. The decline in invasion magnitude was observed in spring (52.63 %) and summer (59.68 %). Seasonal fluctuations in the infestation rates had some differences and were characterized by maximum values in the summer and autumn seasons ranging from 27.49 ± 2.52 to 37.35 ± 2.36 samples/animal. During the winter, the intensity of H. contortus infestation in sheep gradually decreased (13.73 ± 2.12 sp/an) and gained minimum values in the spring of the year (10.85 ± 1.78 sp./an). The conducted researches illuminate the current epizootic condition of sheep haemorrhage in the territory of Zaporizhzhya region, expand and supplement the already existing data that will allow to increase the effectiveness of the use of therapeutic and preventive measures in this invasion.

References

Abakar, A. D., Almalaik, A. H. A., & Bashar, A. E. (2008). Preva-lence and Dynamics of Some Gastrointestinal Parasites of Sheep and Goats in Tulus Area Based on Post-Mortem Examination. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 3(6), 390–399. doi: 10.3923/ajava.2008.390.399.

Abdo, B., Tesfaye, W., & Shibbiru, T. (2017). Prevalence of Haemonchosis and Associated Risk Factors in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Bishofu Elfora Export Abattoir. Journal of Natu-ral Sciences Research, 7(7), 48–52. https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JNSR/article/view/36682.

Adhikari, K., Rana, H. B., Kaphle, K., Khanal, T., & Raut, R. (2017). Prevalence of Haemonchus contortus in Goats of West-ern Chitwan of Nepal. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 5(3), 321–325. doi: 10.3126/ijasbt.v5i3.18268.

Asif, M., Azeem, S., Asif, S., & Nazir, S. (2008). Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasites of Sheep and Goats in and around Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 1, 1417.

Attindehou, S. S., Salifou, C. F. Biaou, O. B. Gbati, M., Adamou-N’diaye & Pangui, L. J. (2012). Epidemiology of Haemonchosis in sheep and goats in Benin. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology, 4(2), 20–24 doi: 10.5897/JPVB12.012.

Badaso, T., & Addis, M. (2015). Small Ruminants Haemonchosis: Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Arsi Negelle Munic-ipal Abattoir, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria, 15(3), 315–320. doi: 10.5829/idosi.gv.2015.15.03.96108.

Bekuma, F. (2019). Prevalence of Heamonchosis in Small Rumi-nants and Its Associated Risk Factors in and Around Ejere Town, West Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia. American Journal of Bio-medical Science & Research, 3(5), 409–414. doi: 10.34297/ajbsr.2019.03.000704.

Besier, R. B., Kahn, L. P., Sargison, N. D., & Van Wyk, J. A. (2016). The Pathophysiology, Ecology and Epidemiology of Haemonchus contortus Infection in Small Ruminants. Advances in Parasitology, 93, 95–143. doi: 10.1016/bs.apar.2016.02.022.

Besier, R. B., Kahn, L. P., Sargison, N. D., & Van Wyk, J. A. (2016). Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Haemonchus contortus in Small Ruminants. Advances in Parasitology, 93, 181–238. doi: 10.1016/bs.apar.2016.02.024.

Bohach, M. V., Bohach, T. V, Bondarenko, L. V., & Piven, O. T. (2015). Vikova dynamika kyshkovykh parazytoziv ovets v hos-podarstvakh Odeskoi oblasti. Problems of zooengineering and veterinary medicine, 30(2), 213217 (in Ukrainian).

Boyko, A. A. (2015). Helmintofauna of sheep and goats in Dnipropetrovsk region. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Medicine, 6 (2), 87–92. doi: 10.15421/021516.

Byrka, V. I., & Berezovskyi, A. V. (2003). Parazytofauna molod-niaka ovets. Problems of zooengineering and veterinary medi-cine, 11(35), 72–75 (in Ukrainian).

Dankvert, S. A., Holmanov, A. M., & Osadchaya, O. Yu. (2010). Ovcevodstvo stran mira. Moskva: GNU VIZh Rosselhozakad-emii (in Russian).

Dovgyi, Y., Shendrik, L., Feschenko, D., Boyko, O., & Faly, L. (2011). Nematody dykykh kopytnykh Ukrainy. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Medicine, 2(2), 28–32. doi: 10.15421/021125 (in Ukrainian).

Dyndyn, M., & Tokarchuk, О. (2016). Basis of the effectiveness of agricultural enterprises sheep and goat. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after S. Z. Gzhytskyj, 18, 2(69), 53–57. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet6909.

Eslami, A., Meydani, M., Maleki, S., & Zargarzadeh, A. (1979). Gastrointestinal nematodes of wild sheep (Ovis orientalis) from Iran. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 15(2), 263–265. doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-15.2.263.

Gupta, R. P., Yadav, C. L., & Chaudhri, S. S. (1987). Epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep and goats in Haryana, In-dia. Veterinary Parasitology, 24(1-2), 117–127. doi: 10.1016/0304-4017(87)90136-1.

Idris, A., Moors, E., Sohnrey, B., & Gauly, M. (2011). Gastrointes-tinal nematode infections in German sheep. Parasitology Re-search, 110(4), 1453–1459. doi: 10.1007/s00436-011-2648-1.

Ivashkin, V. M., Oripov, A. O., & Sonin, M. D. (1998). Opredelitel' gel'mintov melkogo rogatogo skota. Moskva (in Russian).

Kawęcka, A., Krupiński, J., & Sikora, J. (2014). Polska owca pogórza – program ochrony zasobów genetycznych zwierząt. Wiadomości Zootechniczne, LII, 4, 11–17.

Kolosov, Yu. A. (2012). The use of the gene pool of merino sheep domestic and import selection for the improvement of local me-rino. Journal of Sheep, Goats, Woolbusiness, 4, 13–16.

Ohanesian, V. S. (2018). Dynamika poholivia ovets na rynku produktsii vivcharstva v Ukraini ta u sviti. Eurasian Academic Research Journal, 2(20), 97101 (in Ukrainian).

Raza, M. A., Murtaza, S., Bachaya, H. A., Dastager, G. & Hussain, A. (2009). Point prevalence of Haemonchosis in sheep and goats slaughtered at multan abattoir. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 19(3), 158159.

Skrjabin, K. I. (1928). Metod polnyh gel'mintologicheskih vskrytij pozvonochnyh, vkljuchaja cheloveka. Moskva (in Russian).

Tasawar, S. A., Lashari, M. H., & Chaudhary, S. H. (2010). Preva-lence of Haemonchus contortus in sheep at Research Centre for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle (RCCSC) Jehangirabad District Khanewal, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 42(6), 735739. https://www.zsp.com.pk/pdf/735-739%20(14)%20PJZ-562-08.pdf.

Tehrani, A., Javanbakht, J., Jani, M., Sasani, F., & Solati, A. (2012). Histopathological Study of Haemonchus contortus in Herrik Sheep Abomasum. Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitol-ogy, 03 (05). doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000144.

Tolera, A. (1998). Production Situation and Some Productivity and Physical Characters of Traditionally Managed Sheep and Goats in Kochore District, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Applied Ani-mal Research, 13(1-2), 49–59. doi: 10.1080/09712119.1998.9706672.

Voronenko, V. I. (2006). Naukovi osnovy staloho rozvytku vivcharstva. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, 3–4, 121–123 (in Ukrainian).

Zvegintsova, N. S., Treus, M. Y., & Kuzmina, T. A. (2015). Hel-minths of saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica L.) in the “Askania No-va” Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine. Helminthologia, 52(3), 219–228. doi: 10.1515/helmin-2015-0036.
Published
2019-12-03
How to Cite
Melnychuk, V. (2019). Features of seasonal dynamics of sheep Haemonchosis in the territory of Zaporizhzhya region. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 2(2), 7-11. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas2-2.02