Comparison between new design interlocking nail with plate fixation and intramedullary pin with external skeletal fixation in long bone fracture in the dogs
New design interlocking nail and plate fixation was used in comminuted femur fracture in an old dog that the results showed primary bone healing and she had been quickly weight baring in fifteenth day after surgery, and could be walk in twenty day after operation. Another case was a young dog that showed transverse fracture of both humerus and one transverse fracture of femur that were repaired by intramedullary pin and external skeletal fixation. The results showed secondary bone healing of these three bone fractures and she could be walk after 2 months of operation. An old dog did not show any complication but a young dog showed pin migration in femur healing. This study revealed that the superior result in bone healing was found in rigid fixation by new design interlocking nail and plate fixation greater than intramedullary pin with external skeletal fixation.
Dejardin, L. M., & Cabassu, J. P. (2008). Femoral fractures in young dog, AO Vet, 3, 39–43.
Gemmill, T. J. (2016). BSAVA Manual of canine and feline fracture repair and management, British small animal veterinary associa-tion, second edition, 72–119. https://www.wiley.com/en-us/BSAVA+Manual+of+Canine+and+Feline+Fracture+Repair+and+Management%2C+2nd+Edition-p-9781905319688.
Igna, C., Schuszler, L., Dascalu, R., Sabau, M., & Luca, C. (2011). Interlocking nail stabilization of diaphyseal long bone fractures. Initial experiences in six clinical cases. Bulletin UASUM, Veteri-nary medicine, 68(2), 165–170. doi: 10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:2:68:6894.
McCartney, W., MacDonald, B. Comiskey, D. et al. (2006). Use of a plate and screws to repair lateral humeral condylar fractures in 10 dogs. Intern J Appl Res Vet Med, 4(4), 335–338. https://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol4Iss4/McCartney.pdf.
Sarangon, S. B., Singh, K. Gopinathan, A., Arif Basha, K. M., Surendra, D. S. et al. (2018). Plate-rod technique for the repair of comminuted diaphyseal femoral fracture in young dogs. In-ternational journal of advanced biological research, 8(4), 451–453. http://www.scienceandnature.org/IJABR_Vol8(4)2018/IJABR_V8(4)18-5.pdf.
Scott, H. W., & Mclaughlin, R. (2007). Feline orthopedics, Manson publishing, 58–84.
Uddin, M. K., Mafizul, Islam, M. M., Hassan, Z. et al. (2017). Internal fixation of the fracture of femur of dog using intrame-dullary pinning, Asian Australasian. J. Biosci. Biotechnol, 2(3), 243–246. https://www.ebupress.com/journal/aajbb/2018/01/17/ article-internal-fixation-of-fracture-of-femur-of-dog-using-intramedullary-pinning.