The first report of direct skeletal attachment method applying for tibia prosthetic leg in a chicken by cortical screw
This is the first report of successful method for direct skeletal attachment for invent tibia prosthetic leg in a chicken amputee by using 3.0 mm stainless steel cortical screw as an intramedullary bone stem for right tibia endoprosthesis leg part and using acrylic with some part of endotracheal tube as an exoprosthesis leg part. This surgery was performed in a chicken amputee without bone cement using. A chicken could stand and sometime walk after 15 days of surgery. No complication problem with a screw’s stump. This intramedullary bone stem technique by a screw can adapt using in other parts of long bone animal amputee. This technique can apply for invent endoprosthesis limb in other small animal amputees and can use intramedullary screw technique with other long bones such as femur, humerus, radius, and ulna because this technique uses only one stainless 316L screw so the surgery cost is not too much. The surgical procedure is not complicated and blood loss during surgery is not much so the risk for this technique is low.
Pitkin, M. (2013). Design features of implants for direct skeletal attachment of limb prostheses. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 101(11), 3339–3348. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.34606.