Zoohygienic and economic aspects of construction and operation of the average complex for the conservation of wild haves


  • V. O. Pepko Rivne State Humanities University, Plastova Str., 29a, Rivne, 33028, Ukraine
  • T. A. Velesik National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, O. Novak Str., 75, Rivne, 33002, Ukraine
  • R. M. Sachuk Research Epizootology Station IVM NAAS, Knyazya Volodymyra Str., 18, Rivne, 33028, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4532-4220
  • Yu. M. Mandigra Research Epizootology Station IVM NAAS, Knyazya Volodymyra Str., 18, Rivne, 33028, Ukraine
  • S. V. Zhigalyuk Research Epizootology Station IVM NAAS, Knyazya Volodymyra Str., 18, Rivne, 33028, Ukraine
Keywords: deer noble, wild boar, European mouflon, retention, fallow deer, aviary, construction project, investments, profit

Abstract

The formation and development of a market-based management system for hunting in Ukraine require fundamentally new approaches to the organization of business management. The practical implementation of any commercial project is significantly complicated without a previously developed zoo-hygienically and economically sound business plan. The purpose of the study was to improve measures for the organization and operation of the aviary complex for the maintenance and breeding of wild ungulates. The work used sanitary-hygienic methods of scientific research, in addition applied theoretical analysis of scientific literary sources, synthesis, generalization, comparison, concretization. According to the results of the research on the basis of zoohygienic norms and economic calculations, the project of organization and development of the aviation complex “Hunting farm “Polisske-Sarny” is located near the village. Terrible of Sarnensky District on the lands of the State Forest Fund of Strashevsky Forestry of SE Sarnenskoye Forestry. The area of the enclosure is 146.7 ha, which is divided into 4 contours to hold the fallow deer, red deer, wild boar and European mouflon. Proposed measures for construction and operation of the aviary complex for keeping wild ungulates (fallow deer and mouflon European, as well as wild boar and red deer), owned by the Polisske-Sarny Hunting Enterprise. The total amount of capital investments for the creation of a cage for the maintenance of wild animals, including the cost of construction, purchase of livestock breeders is from 1337.1 thousand UAH. Due to the sale of animals to other farms, you can receive from 280–320 thousand UAH income per year. Taking into account the initial investments for the establishment of the aviary complex, the payback period is 3 years.

References

Bilyi, V. V. (2007). O volernom razvedenii dikikh svinei [About aviary breeding of wild pigs]. Sovremennye problemy pri-rodopolzovania, okhotovedenia i zverovodstva – Modern prob-lems of nature management, hunting and animal farming, 1, 48–49. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/o-voliernom-razvedenii-dikih-sviney/viewer (in Russian).

Evtushevskyi, M. N. (2012). Myslyvski tvaryny Ukrainy na voli ta v volerakh [Hunting animals of Ukraine at freedom and in aviar-ies]. Cherkasy: Vertykal (in Ukrainian).

Kozlov, V. M., & Ovechkina, N. N. (2016). Osobennosti kormlenia kopytnykh (Cervus elaphus L., Dama dama L., Sus scrofa L.) v usloviakh volernoho soderzhania [Peculiarities of feeding of an-imals in erclosuses]. Mezdunarodnyi nauchnyi zhurnal – Inter-national research journal, 6(48), 5, 16–19. doi: 10.18454/IRJ.2016.48.017 (in Russian).

Nastanova z uporiadkuvannia myslyvskykh ukhid. 2002: Kyiv: Derzhavnyi komitet lisovoho hospodarstva Ukrainy (in Ukraini-an).

Pepko, V. O. (2019). Sanitarno-hihienichna otsinka hruntiv ta dzhe-lel vodopostachannia na etapi stvorennia volernoho hospodarst-va [Sanitary and higienic assessment of soils and water supply sources at the deploy of the aviary household]. Tavriiskyi nau-kovyi visnyk – Taurida Scientific Herald, 107, 217–222. doi: 10.32851/2226-0099.2019.107.31 (in Ukrainian).

Volokh, A. M. (2001). Poluvolnoe soderzhanie i vyrashchivanie dikikh kopytnykh s tseliu povyshenia ekonomicheskoi effek-tivnosti zhivotnovodstva [Semi-free maintenance and breeding of wild ungulates in purpose to increase the economic efficiency of stockbreeding]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria – Ukrainian Black Sea region agrarian science, 3(12), 2, 393–400. http://elar.tsatu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/4108 (in Rus-sian).

Volokh, A. M. (2015). Napivvilne vyroshchuvannia dykykh tvaryn yak alternativa tradytsiinomu tvarynnytstvu i myslyvstvu [Semi-free wildlife farming as an alternative to traditional animal hus-bandry and hunting]. 4-yi Vseukrainskyi congtes ecologiv z miszhnarodnoiu uchastiu – 4th All-Ukrainian congress of ecol-ogists with international participation, 149 (in Ukrainian).

Volokh, A. M. (2016). Okhotnichi zveri stepnoi Ukrainy [Mammals hunted in steppe Ukraine]. Kherson: Grinn D.S. (in Russian).
Published
2019-12-03
How to Cite
Pepko, V., Velesik, T., Sachuk, R., Mandigra, Y., & Zhigalyuk, S. (2019). Zoohygienic and economic aspects of construction and operation of the average complex for the conservation of wild haves. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 2(2), 37-40. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas2-2.08