Сell death and its significance in reproductive pathology

  • M. M. Zhelavskyi State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia, Shevchenko Str., 13, Kamyanets-Podilsky, 32303, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5001-8354
  • S. P. Kernychnyi State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia, Shevchenko Str., 13, Kamyanets-Podilsky, 32303, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9533-684X
  • O. Ya. Dmytriv Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, Pekarska Str., 50, Lviv, 79010, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1785-8391


Since the middle of the last century, scientists have been interested in the mechanisms of regulation of cell division, differentiation and aging of cells. The first objects of study were insects, helminths and other living organisms. From the very beginning, in the biology of cell development and regulation, scientists have attached leading importance to genetic factors. Later, more and more experience was gained on the influence of intracellular factors, metabolic changes and exogenous pathogens on the programmed cell death. Recent research on cell biology and pathology has focused on the study of apoptosis. The first described phenomenon of programmed cell death was apoptosis. Subsequent studies were aimed at the study programmed cell death. This review will provide an opportunity to consider the biological mechanisms of programmed cell death, differences and species characteristics. The author described the clinical aspects of apoptosis, necroptosis and pyroptosis and their importance in the formation of cellular homeostasis. In the present review article simple classification system, where the cell death entities are primarily categorized into programmed cell death. Multiple mechanisms and phenotypes compose programmed non-apoptotic cell death, including: autophagy, entosis, methuosis and paraptosis, mitoptosis and parthanatos, ferroptosis, pyroptosis NETosis and necroptosis. Changes of cellular regulation at development of pathologies at people and animals are considered. Cell biology includes a variety of mechanisms of programmed aging and death. Modern research is aimed at deepening the study multiple mechanisms and phenotypes compose programmed. Cells. will certainly be taken into account by the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death. Cellular regulation is associated with a variety of physiological mechanisms of development, and is also important in processes such as inflammation, immune response, embryogenesis maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Study of factors of influence and mechanisms of regulation of aging of cells opens a curtain for development of the newest means of diagnostics of pathologies and development of pharmacological means for correction of cellular mechanisms at development of pathologies.


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How to Cite
Zhelavskyi, M., Kernychnyi, S., & Dmytriv, O. (2021). Сell death and its significance in reproductive pathology. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 4(2), 18-26. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas4-2.04