Prevalence of some common bacterial diseases in commercial poultry farm


  • Sharna Halder Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Shubhagata Das Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Sabuj Kanti Nath Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Khulna Agricultural University, Khulna-9202, Bangladesh
  • Swarup Kumar Kundu Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Khulna Agricultural University, Khulna-9202, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2951-2010
  • Md. Sirazul Islam Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Sharmin Chowdhury Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Md. Masuduzzaman Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Keywords: Bacterial diseases, prevalence, gross lesions, poultry farm.

Abstract

Bacterial disease of poultry is one of the major constraints to the expansion of poultry industry. The study was undertaken to investigate some common bacterial diseases in commercial poultry farm. A total of 100 sick and dead chickens (67 broilers, 26 layers and 7 sonali) were collected from different poultry farms which were subjected to postmortem examination for tentative diagnosis. After the post-mortem examination, out of 100 collected dead chickens, bacterial diseases were confirmed 58 %. Among them 52 % of the chickens were diagnosed tentatively to be the case of colibacillosis, 4 % salmonellosis, and 2 % of fowl cholera. In post-mortem examination, some pathological lesions like: omphalitis, fibrinopurulent fluid accumulation in peritoneal cavity, air sacculitis, pericarditis and perihepatitis, extreme congestion and septicemia in intestine for colibacillosis infection; unabsorbed yolk mass, bronze discoloration and friable liver, hemorrhages in spleen, misshaped ova for salmonellosis as well as swollen and hardening of comb, congestion of skin, multiple pin point pale color necrotic lesion on liver, pin point hemorrhage on fat muscle of heart were observed for fowl cholera infection. Hence, this study will definitely help to perceive the prevalence of common bacterial diseases like colibacillosis, salmonellosis and fowl cholera infection in commercial poultry farm.

References

Ahmed, M. S., Sarker, A., & Rahman, M. M. (2009). Prevalence of infectious diseases of broiler chickens in Gazipur district. Bang-ladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 7(2), 3326–3331. doi: 10.3329/bjvm.v7i2.5999.

Arshed, M. J., Siddique, M., & Sajjad, U. R. (2003). Preliminary studies on Fowl Cholera in Layers. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences, 1, 34–36.

Awadin, W., Ghaly, S., & Elsawak, A. (2017). Pathological and Immunohistochemical Study of P. multocida Capsular Type A in Tissue of Chickens and Ducks Infected with Fowl Cholera. As-siut Veterinary Medical Journal, 63(153), 1–18. doi: 10.21608/avmj.2017.166597.

Baggesen, D. L., Olsen, J. E., & Bisgaard, M. (1992). Plasmid profiles and phages types of Salmonella typhimurium isolated from successive flocks of chickens on three parent stock farms. Avian Pathology, 21(4), 569–579. doi: 10.1080/03079459208418878.

Bandyopadhay, P. K., & Dhawedkar, R. G. (1984). E. coli salpingo-peritonitis in poultry. Indian Veterinary Journal, 61, 348–349.

Bangladesh Economic Review (BER). (2011). E. N. Ministry of finance.

Barnes, J. (2008). Diseases of poultry. 12th ed. Blackwell publ. Ames. I. A. 706–707.

Berchieri, A., Murphy, Jr., Marston, C. K., & Barrow, P. A. (2001). Observations on the persistence and vertical transmission of Salmonella enteric serovars Pullorum and S. gallinarum in chickens: effect of bacterial and host genetic background. Avian Pathology, 30(3), 221–231. doi: 10.1080/03079450120054631.

Bhattacharjee, P. S., Kundu, R. L., Biswas, R. K., Mazumder, J. U., Hossain, E., & Miah, A. H. (1996). A retrospective analysis of chicken diseases diagnosed at the central disease investigation laboratory, Dhaka. Bangladesh veterinary journal, 30, 105–113.

Bhuiyan, A. K. F. H. (2011). Implementation of national livestock development policy (2007) and national poultry development policy (2008): Impact on smallholder livestock rearers. Keynote paper presented at the South Asia Pro Poor Livestock Policy Programme (SAPPLP)-BARC workshop held at BRAC Centre Inn, Dhaka.

Bisgaard, M. H., Christensen, A. M., Bojese, & Christensen, J. P. (2003). Avian infections caused by species of Pasteurellaceae.

Biswas, P. K., Biswas, D., Ahmed, S., Rahman, A., & Debnath, N. C. (2005). A longitudinal study of the incidence of major en-demic and epidemic diseases affecting semi-scavenging chickens reared under the participatory livestock development project are-as in Bangladesh. Avian Pathology, 34(4), 303–312. doi: 10.1080/03079450500178972.

Calnek, B. W., Barnes, H. J., Beard, C. W., Mcdougald, L. R., & Saif, Y. M. (1997). Diseases of poultry, 10thed, Iowa state uni-versity press, Ames, IA, USA.

Chowdhury, S., Masuduzzaman, M., & Shatu, S. N. (2009). A pathological investigation to identify different forms of Coliba-cillosis in commercial broiler and layer birds in Chattogram re-gion. Eco-friendly Agricultural Journal, 2, 368–373.

Christensen, J. P., Brown, D. J., Madsen, M., Olsen, J. E., & Bis-gaard, M. (1997). Hatchery-borne Salmonella enteric serovar tennessee infections in broilers. Avian Pathology, 26(1), 155–168. doi: 10.1080/03079459708419202.

Christiansen, H., & Bisgaard, M. (2003). The genus Pasteurella. In: The prokaryotes: an evolving electronic resource for the micro-biological community, Ver. 3, 13, 1062–1090.

Das, S. C., Chowdhury, S. D., Khatun, M. A., Nishibori, M., Isobe, N., & Yoshimura, Y. (2008). Poutry Production Profile and Ex-pected Future Projection in Bangladesh. World’s poultry science journal, 64(01), 99–118. doi: 10.1017/S0043933907001754.

Davies, R. H., Nicholas, R. A. J., Mclaren, I. M., Corkish, J. D., Lanning, D. G., & Wray, C. (1997). Bacteriological and serolog-ical investigation of persistent Salmonella enteritidis infection in an integrated poultry organisation. Veterinary Microbiology, 58(2-4), 277–293. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(97)00157-0.

Dho-Moulin, M., & Fairbrother, J. M. (1999). Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC). Veterinary Research, 30(2-3), 299–316. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10367360.

DLS (2015). Annual report on livestock. Division of Livestock Statistics, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Farmgate, Dha-ka, Bangladesh.

El-Ghany, W. A. A., & Madian, K. (2011). Control of experimental colisepticaemia in broiler chickens using sarafloxacin. Life Sci-ence Journal, 8(3), 318–328.

Giasuddin, M., Sil, B., Alam, J., Koike, I., Islam, M. R., & Rahman, M. M. (2002). Prevalence of poultry diseases in Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(4), 212–213. doi: 10.3923/jbs.2002.212.213.

Haider, M. G., Hossain, M. G., Hossain, M. S., Chowdhury, E. H., Das, P. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2004). Isolation and characteri-zation of Enterobacteria associated with health and disease in Sonali Chickens. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2(1), 15–21. doi: 10.3329/bjvm.v2i1.1928.

Haque, M. M., Biswas, H. R., & Rahman, L. (1996). Isolation, identification and production of Salmonella pullorum colored an-tigen in Bangladesh for the rapid whole blood test. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 10(1), 141–146. doi: 10.5713/ajas.1997.141.

Hasan, R. M. K. A., Ali, M. H., Siddique, M. P., Rahman, M. M., & Islam, M. A. (2010). Clinical and laboratory diagnosis of New castle and Infectious bursal diseases of Chickens. Bangla-desh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 8(2), 131–140. doi: 10.3329/bjvm.v8i2.11196.

Hashem, M. A., Elahi, M. F., Mannan, M. A., Mannan, M. F., Kabir, M. H. B., Kashem, M. A., & Pallab, M. S. (2012). Isola-tion, identification and antibiogram of Escherichia coli from broiler at Chattogram district Bangladesh. Wayama Journal of Animal Science, 2012-578x, 312–316. URL: https://wayambajournal.com/paper/isolation-identification-and-antibiogram-of-eschericia-coli-from-broiler-at-chittagong-district-in.pdf.

Henken, A. M., Frankena, K., Goelema, J. O., Graat, E. A. M., & Noordhuizen, J. P. T. M. (1992). Multivariate epidemiological approach to salmonellosis in broiler breeder flocks. Poultry Sci-ence Journal, 71(5), 838–843. doi: 10.3382/ps.0710838.

Hossain, M. S., Akter, S., Ali, M., Das, P. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2013). Bacteriological and pathological investigation of nasal passage infections of chickens. Science Journal of Krishi Found, 11(1), 47–55. doi: 10.3329/agric.v11i1.15241.

Islam, A., Majumder, S., Rahman, A., Trisha, A. A., & Amin, R. (2012). Retrospective study of commercial poultry diseases. Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 28, 116–121.

Islam, M. N., Huque, Q. M. E., Uddin, M. S., & Sarker, M. S. K. (2003). Potentiality of native genotypes of ducks. In: Proceed-ings of the 3rd International Poultry Show and Seminar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, The World’s Poultry Science Association, Bangla-desh Branch, 259–270.

Khaton, R., Haider, M. G., Paul, P. K., Das, P. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2008). Colibacillosis in commercial chickens in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Veterinarian, 25(1), 17–24. doi: 10.3329/bvet.v25i1.4614.

Kumari, D., Mishra, S. K., & Lather D. (2013). Pathomicrobial studies on Salmonella gallinarum infection in broiler chickens. Veterinary world, 6, 725–729. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2013.725-729.

Luna, L. G. (1968). Manual of histologic staining methods of the armed forces institute of pathology, 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York, USA, 1–32.

Lutful, K. S. M. (2010). Avian Colibacillosis and Salmonellosis. In: A closer look at epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control and public health concerns. International Journal of Environ-mental Research and Public Health, 7(1), 89–114. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7010089.

Mahmud, S. M., Bari, L. M., & Hossain, A. M. (2011). Prevalence of Salmonella serovars and antimicrobial resistance profiles in poultry of savar Area, Bangladesh. Food borne pathogens and diseases, 8(10), 1111–1118, doi: 10.1089/fpd.2011.0917.

Mohamed, M. A., Mohamed, M. W., Ahmed, I. A., Ibrahim, A. A., & Ahmed, M. S. (2012). Pasteurella multocida in backyard chickens in Upper Egypt: incidence with polymerase chain reac-tion analysis for capsule type, virulence in chicken embryos and antimicrobial resistance. Veterinaria italiana, 48(1), 77–86. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22485004.

Mozaffor, K. M., Hossain, M., Hossain, T., & Yamato, I. (2010). Seroprevalence of Salmonella and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in-fection in chickens in Rajshahi and surrounding districts of Bangladesh. International Journal of Biology, 2(2), 74–80. doi: 10.5539/ijb.v2n2p74.

Muhairwa, A. P., Christensen, A. P., & Bisgaard, M. (2000). Inves-tigations on the carrier rate of P. multocida in healthy commercial poultry flocks and flocks affected by fowl cholera. Avian Pa-thology, 29(2), 133–142. doi: 10.1080/03079450094162.

Myers, R. K., McGavin, M. D., & Zachary, J. F. (2012). Cellular Adaptations, Injury and Death: Morphological, biochemical and genetic bases. In: Pathological Basis of Veterinary Diseases. (Zachary J. F., McGavin M. D., editors). 1st edition. Elsevier Mosby, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 1–59.

Nakamura, K., Maeda, M., Imada, Y., Imada, T., & Sato, K. (1985). Pathology of Spontaneous Colibacillosis in a Broiler Flock. Vet-erinary Pathology, 22(6), 592–597. doi: 10.1177/030098588502200614.

OIE (2008). Manual of standards for diagnostic test and vaccines.

Onet, G. E., & Shivaprasad, H. L. (1995). Fowl Cholera. AAAP Slide study set # 19. American Association of Avian Pathologists, INC. 1–12. URL: https://www.aaap.info/assets/ Slides/fowl_cholera_19_1995.pdf.

Oystein, A., Skov, M. N., Chriel, M., Agger, J. F., & Bisgaard, M. (1996). A retrospective study on Salmonella sp. infection in Danish broiler flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 26(3-4), 223–237. doi: 10.1016/0167-5877(95)00549-8.

Pourbakhsh, S. A., Boulianne, M., Martineau-Doizé, B., Dozois, C. M., Desautels, C., & Fairbrother J. M. (1997). Dynamics of Escherichia coli infection in experimentally inoculated chickens. Avian Diseases, 41(1), 221–233. doi: 10.2307/1592463.

Rahman, M. A., Samad, M. A., Rahman, M. B., & Kabir, S. M. L. (2004). Bacterio-pathological studies on Salmonellosis, Coliba-cillosis and Pasteurellosis in Natural and Experimental Infections in Chickens. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2(1), 01-08. doi: 10.3329/bjvm.v2i1.1926.

Rahman, M. R., Shahinuzzaman, A. B. M., Saha, A. K., Sufian, M. A., Rahman, M. H., & Hossain, M. M. (2011). Prevalence of Salmonella infection in naturally infected layer birds in Bangla-desh. The Bangladesh Veterinarian, 28, 8–18. doi: 10.3329/BVET.V28I1.8809.

Rhoades, K. R., & Rimler, R. B. (1990). P. multocida colonization and invasion in experimentally exposed turkey poults. Avian. Disease, 34(2), 381–383. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2369377.

Rimler, R. B. (1994). Presumptive identification of Pasteurella mul-tocida serogroups A, D, and F by capsule depolymerisation with mucopolysaccharidases. Veterinary Record, 134(8), 191–192. doi: 10.1136/vr.134.8.191.

Saha, K. A., Sufian, M. A., Hossain, M. I., & Hossain, M. M. (2012). Salmonellosis in layer chickens: Pathological features and isolation of bacteria from ovaries and inner content of laid eggs. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 10(1), 61–67. URL: https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JBAU/article/view/ 12095.

Samad, M. A. (2000). An overview of livestock research reports published during the 20th century in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal, 34, 53–149.

Selim, R., & Nahid, M. (2008). Trade and Poverty Linkages In: A Case Study of the Poultry Industry in Bangladesh. CUTS Inter-national, 1-9. ISBN: 978-81-8257-112-9.

Shah, Q. A., Soomro, N. M., & Tunio, S. N. (2003). Colibacillosis in Broiler: Prevalence and Pathology. One line Journal of Bio-logical Science, 3, 287–290.

Shilpa, S., Verma, P. C., & Minkshi, D. (2006). Pathology of P. multocida infection in chickens. International Journal of Animal Research, 40, 15–19.

Shivaprasad, H. L. (2000). Fowl typhoid and pullorum disease. Rev. Sci. Tech., 19, 405–424.

Shivaprashad, H. L. (1997). Pullorum disease and fowl typhoid. In: Diseases of Poultry, 10th ed., Calnek B. W., Barnes H. J., Beard C. W., McDoughald L. R., Saif Y. M., Eds., Iowa State Univer-sity press, Ames IA., USA, 82–96.

Shivaprashad, H. L., Methner, U., & Barrow, P. A. (2013). Salmo-nella infections in the domestics fowl. In: Methner U. and Bar-row P. A. 2013. Salmonella in Domestic Animals, C. A. B. I., Oxfordshire, UK, 162–192.

Uddin, M. B., Ahmed, S. S. U., Hasan, M. M., Khan, S. A., & Mamun, M. A. (2010). Prevalence of poultry diseases at Naes-ingdi, Bangladesh. International Journal of Biological research, 1, 09–13.

Wray, C., Davies, R. H., & Corkish, J. D. (1996). Enterobacteri-aceae. In F.T.W. Jordan and M. Pattison (Eds). Poultry Diseases 4th edition (pp 9-43) London; Saunders company Ltd.

Yogaratnam, K. (1995). Analysis of the causes of high rates of carcass rejection at a poultry processing plant. Veterinary Rec-ord. 137(9), 215–217. doi: 10.1136/vr.137.9.215.
Published
2021-08-16
How to Cite
Halder, S., Das, S., Nath, S., Kundu, S., Islam, M., Chowdhury, S., & Masuduzzaman, M. (2021). Prevalence of some common bacterial diseases in commercial poultry farm. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 4(2), 44-51. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas4-2.08