Assessment of ecological conditions for growing the market-size fish in the Kantivka fattening pond (Khmelnychchyna, Ukraine)

Keywords: natural forage base, phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthos, cyprinid fish species, Ergasilus sieboldi

Abstract

Abiotic (water quality) and biotic (Phyto-, zooplankton and benthos) factors in the Kantivka fattening pond the Khmelnitskrybhosp Private Joint-Stock Company were studied during the vegetation seasons in 2020. The aquaculture objects in the pond are cyprinid fish species (carp, grass carp, silver carp, pike). The ecological conditions of the pond were evaluated as good enough for the fish fattening purpose. The critical water quality parameters were following traditional values accepted for fish farming in Ukraine. The taxonomic composition of plankton and benthos was represented by widespread and Ubiquiti species mainly. The 124 species and intraspecies taxa of microalgae and the 34 species of zooplankton were identified in the Kantivka fattening pond. The mean abundance and biomass for the phytoplankton were 183.8 million cells/dm3 and 35.61 mg/dm3, respectively; for zooplankton, those were as 336600 ind/m3 and 14.83 g/m3, and for zoobenthos, those values were as 309.6 ind/m2, and biomass as 5.84 g/m2. Such parameters of natural forage base correspond to the optimal values for natural fish food according to fish farming standards in Ukraine. In the late summer, the free-living copepod stages and mature adult females of the parasitic copepod crustacean Ergasilus sieboldi Nordmann were registered in plankton. This copepod causes the invasion of fish diseases like infection and destruction of gill arches, which leads to a severe disturbance in fish respiration, emaciation, delaying in growth, and the potential death of commercial fish even. The development of natural fish food in the Kantivka fattening pond is shown an intensive level of biomass and abundance of phytoplankton, zooplankton, and zoobenthos. It is considered sufficient to meet the natural nutritional needs (in combination with artificial feeding) for older age groups of the cultivated cyprinid fish species.

References

Alekin, О. А., Semenov, А. D., & Scopintcev, B. А. (1973). Rukovodstvo po himicheskomu analizu vod sushi [Guidelines for chemical analyses of inland waters]. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad (in Russian).

Alekseev, V. R., & Tcalolikhin, C. Ya. (2010). Opredelitel zooplankton i zoobentosa presnyh vod evropeiskoi Rosii [Key to zooplankton and zoobenthos of European Russian fresh waters]. Tovaristctestvo nauchnyh issledovanii, Moscow (in Russian).

Arya, R. L., Arya S., Arya R., & Kumar, J. (2015). Fundamentals of Agriculture (Agri.-Bank) By Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

Asaul, Z. I. (1975). Vyznachnyk evglenovich vodoroslej Ukrainskoy R.S.R. [Key to euglenoid algae]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Borutzky, E. V., Stepanova, L. A., & Kos, M. S. (1991). Opredelitel Calanoida Presnykh Vod SSSR. [Key to freshwater Calanoida of the USSR]. Nauka, St. Petersburg (in Russian).

Burgaz, M., Matvienko, T., Bezik, K., & Soborova, O. (2019). The current state of fish market in Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 2(3), 6–10. https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas2-3.02.

Burhaz, M., Matviienko, T., Soborova, O., Bezyk, K., Kudelina, O., & Lichna, A. (2020). Modern state of fish and fishery products export in Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricul-tural Sciences, 3(1), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas3-1.04.

Dogel, V. A. (1933). The research problem of fish parasitofauna [Methodology and problems of ichthyoparasitological studies]. Trans. Leningr. Soc. Nat., 62(3), 247–268 (in Russian).

Dubinina, M. N. (1980). Tapeworms (Cestoda, Ligulida) of the fauna of the USSR. Amerind, New Delhi.

FAO (2020). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020. Sustainability in action. Rome, 1–244. [Electronic resource]: Mode of access: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca9229en (viewed on 10.07.2021). Title from the screen.

Figurkov, S. A. (2016). Rol i znachenie nizshyh rakoobraznyh i prochih gidrobiontov (perenoschiki i vozbuditeli zabolevanii) v zhizni ryb v estestvennyh i iskustvennyh biotcenozah [Role and importance of crustaceans and others hydrobionts (carriers of in-fections) for fishes in natural and artificial reservoirs. Materialy konferentcii Kontinentalnaia akvakultura: otvet vyzovam vremeni, 2, 351–359 (in Russian).

Honcharova, O. V., Paraniak, R. P., Kutishchev, P. S., Paraniak, N. M., Hradovych, N. I., Matsuska, O. V., Rudenko, O. P., Lytvyn, N. A., Gutyj, B. V., & Maksishko, L. M. (2021). The influence of environmental factors on fish productivity in small reservoirs and transformed waters. Ukrainian Journal of Ecolo-gy, 11(1), 176–180. https://doi.org/10.15421/2021_27.

Honcharova, O. V., Paranjak, R. P., & Gutyj, B. V. (2019). Func-tional state of an organism of freshwater fish under the influence of abiotic factors. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National Univer-sity of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agri-cultural sciences, 21(90), 82–87. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-a9014.

Hudec, I. (2010). Anomopoda, Ctenopoda, Haplopoda, Onychopo-da (Crustacea: Branchiopoda). Fauna Slovenska III – Bratislava: VEDA, Bratislava.

Kofonov, K., Potrokhov, О., Hrynevych, N., Zinkovskyi, O., Khomiak, O., Dunaievska, O., Rud, O., Kutsocon, L., Chem-erys, V., Gutyj, B., Fijalovych, L., Vavrysevych, J., Todoriuk, V., Leskiv, K., Husar, P., & Khumynets, P. (2020). Changes in the biochemical status of common carp juveniles (Cyprinus car-pio L.) exposed to ammonium chloride and potassium phos-phate. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(4), 137–147. https://doi.org/10.15421/2020_181.

Kondratieva, N. V. (1968). Vyznachnyk prisnyh vodorostej Ukrainskoi RSR vodorosti [Key to freshwater algae of Ukraini-an SSR. Blue-green algae]. Naukova dumka, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Kutikova, L. A. (1970). Kolovratki fauny SSSR [Rotifers of the fauna of the USSR]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).

Krazhan, S. A., & Khyzhniak, M. I. (2014). Pryrodna kormova baza rybohospodarkykh vodoim: navchalnyi posibnyk. K.: Ahrarna osvita. URL: https://nubip.edu.ua/sites/default/files/u104/ПОСІБНИК.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Krazhan, S. A., & Lupacheva, L. I. (1991). Estestvennaja kormovaja baza vodoemov i metody ee opredelenija pri intensivnom vedenii rybnogo hozjajstva (spravochnyj material dlja rabotnikov pru-dovyh hozjajstv). L'vov (in Russian).

Lin, C. L., & Ho, J. S. (1998). Two new species of ergasilid cope-pods parasitic on fishes cultured in brackish Water in Taiwan. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(1), 15–27. URL: https://www.infona.pl/resource/bwmeta1.element.elsevier-70c36fe8-db6f-33c7-b9e2-35d550d48503.

Manuilova, E. F. (1964). Vetvistousye rachki (Cladocera) fauny SSSR [Cladocera (Cladocera) fauna of the USSR] Nauka, M.-L. (in Russian).

Matvienko, N. M., & Oliynyk, O. B. (2013). Metodychni rek-omendatcii zastosuvannia preparative Zavel-Kleid ta Diamant pry urazhenni koropovyh ryb zbudnykamy krustacenoziv [Methodi-cal recommendations to use the “Javel-Clyde” and “Diamond” drugs treating carp fish crustacean invasions. Institute of Fisher-ies of NAAS of Ukraine, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Monchenko, V. I. (1974). Tstcelepopodibni rakopodibni ([Cyclopi-dae) Gnathostome cyclopoids (Cyclopidae)]. Fauna of Ukraine. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Ukrainian).

Pankratova, V. Ya. (1983). Lichinki i kukolki Komarov pod-semeistva Chironomidae fauna SSSR [Larvae and pupa of Chi-ronomidae subfamily of the fauna of USSR]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).

Piasecki, W., Goodwin, A. E., Eiras, J. C., & Nowak, B. F. (2004). Importance of Copepoda in freshwater aquaculture. Zoological Studies, 43, 193–205.

Prychepa, M., Hrynevych, N., Martseniuk, V., Potrokhov, О., Vodianitskyi, O., Khomiak, O., Rud, O., Kytsokon, L., Sliusarenko, A., Dunaievska, O., Gutyj, B., Pukalo, P., Honcha-renko, V., Yevtukh, L., Bozhyk, L., Prus, V., & Makhorin, H. (2021). Rudd (Scardinius Erythrophthalmus l., 1758) as a bioin-dicator of anthropogenic pollution in freshwater bodies. Ukrain-ian Journal of Ecology, 11(2), 253–260. https://doi.org/10.15421/2021_108.

Public report of the State Fisheries Agency of Ukraine (2019). [Electronic resource]: Mode of access: https://darg.gov.ua/_publichnij_zvit_derzhavnogo_0_0_0_9463_1.html (viewed on 12.07.2021). Title from the screen.

Rudenko, O. P., Paranjak, R. P., Kovalchuk, N. A., Kit, L. P., Hra-dovych, N. I., Gutyj, B. V., Kalyn, B. M., Sukhorska, O. P., Butsiak, A. A., Kropyvka, S. I., Petruniv, V. V., & Kovalska, L. M. (2019). Influence of seasonal factors on carp fish immune reactivity. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 2019, 9(3), 168–173. URL: https://www.ujecology.com/abstract/influence-of-seasonal-factors-on-carp-fish-immune-reactivity-44508.html.

Sharyl, Yu. E., Vdovenko, N. M., Dmytryshyn, R. A., Shepelev, S. S., Pavlenko, M. M. et al. (2018). Practychni rekomendatcii tstcodo vyrobnytctva smugastogo okunia v umovah orientatcii ekonomiky a Kvitova standard bezpeky ta yakosti: naukovo-metodychni rekomendatcii [Practical guide for the growing of the yellow perch at the economic transmission to international standards of safety and quality: research and methodological rec-commendations]. Vydavnychii dom Konkord, Kyiv (in Ukraini-an).

Tcarenko, P. M. (1990). Kratkii opredelitel chlorokokkovyh vodoroslei Ukrainskoi SSR [Brief key of Chlorococcum algae of Ukrainian SSR]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (in Russian).

Tildesley, A. S. (2008) Investigations into Ergasilus sieboldi (Nordmann 1832) (Copepoda: Poecilostomatoida), in a large reservoir rainbow trout fishery in the UK. PhD thesis, Universi-ty of Stirling, UK.

Topachevskij, A. V., & Masjuk, N. P. (1984). Presnovodnye vodorosli Ukrainskoj SSR. K.: Vishha shkola (in Russian).

Voda rybohospodarskyh pidpryemstv. Zagalni vymogy ta normy: СОУ-05.01.-37-385:2006. (2006). [Water of fisheries compa-nies. General requests and standards: СОУ-05.01.-37-385:2006]. Ministry of Agrarian Policy of Ukraine, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Vodianitskyi, O., Potrokhov, О., Hrynevych, N., Khomiak, O., Khudiyash, Y., Prysiazhniuk, N., Rud, O., Sliusarenko, A., Zagoruy, L., Gutyj, B., Dushka, V., Maxym, V., Dadak, O., & Liublin, V. (2020). Effect of reservoir temperature and oxygen conditions on the activity of Na-K pump in embryos and larvae of perch, roach, and ruffe. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2), 184–189. https://doi.org/10.15421/2020_83.

Кrazhan, S. А., & Khyzhniak, М. І. (2014) Pryrodna kormova baza prudiv [Natural forage base of the ponds]. Old-Plus, Kherson (in Ukrainian).

Кrazhan, S. А., & Lupacheva, L. I. (1991). Pryrodnaia kormovaia baza vodoim i metody ee opredeleniia pri intensivnom vedenii rybnogo hoziaistva [Natural forage base of reservoirs and meth-ods of its determination at intensive aquaculture]. Oblasnaia ti-pografiia, Lviv (in Russian).

Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
Hryhorenko, T. V., Samchyshyna, L. V., Chuzhma, N. P., Bazaieva, A. M., Savenko, N. M., Oborsky, V. P., & Mykhailenko, N. G. (2021). Assessment of ecological conditions for growing the market-size fish in the Kantivka fattening pond (Khmelnychchyna, Ukraine). Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 4(3), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.32718/ujvas4-3.06